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United States v. Gomez

United States District Court, Fifth Circuit

October 9, 2013



ANDREW W. AUSTIN, Magistrate Judge.

The undersigned submits this Report and Recommendation to the District Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), 18 U.S.C. § 3401(i), and Rule 1(d) of Appendix C of the Local Court Rules of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Local Rules for the Assignment of Duties to United States Magistrate Judges. The Court conducted a hearing on October 9, 2013, and heard arguments from all of the parties with regard to the U.S. Probation Office's Petition seeking to revoke the Defendant's term of supervised release.


On July 28, 2009, Luis Gomez was sentenced to 52 months imprisonment, followed by three years of supervised release, for being a felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g). Gomez commenced his supervision on April 11, 2013.

Gomez did poorly on supervision from the start. At his first office visit on April 12, 2013, Gomez was instructed to report to the U.S. Probation Office on May 13, 2013. On May 10, 2013, the Probation Officer attempted to verify the defendant's reported residence through a home visit. When the officer found no one home, she called the defendant, who stated he was home. When the officer informed the defendant she was on his front porch, the defendant disclosed he had spent the night elsewhere and had yet to return home. Then, on May 13, 2013, Gomez failed to report for his scheduled office visit. The Probation Officer thus conducted another home visit. When questioned as to his failure to report in May, the defendant stated he did not know it was his responsibility to ensure he reported for office visits. He said he had never been on supervision before and was not aware of the expectations of being on supervision.

On July 22, 2013, the defendant was referred to the Probation Office's in-house substance abuse treatment class and enrolled in random drug testing surveillance. The class was scheduled to begin on August 12, 2013. To serve as a reminder for class and to make it convenient for him to attend, the Probation Officer scheduled the defendant's next appointment date for August 12, 2013. On July 27, 2013, the Probation Officer attempted a home visit, but no one was home, and on July 29, 2013, the urine sample the defendant provided tested positive for cocaine.

On August 2, 2013, the Probation Officer attempted a home visit to address the positive drug test and remind the defendant of his appointment on August 12, 2013. She found no one home. On August 10, 2013, the officer conducted another home visit. The defendant's cousin was home, but the defendant was not. The cousin advised that the defendant had not been home for several weeks, and while some of his belongings were there, he had not been residing there. The defendant failed to report for a drug test on August 12, 2013, failed to report for his scheduled office visit, and failed to report for his first substance abuse treatment class. Over the next week, the Probation Officer made numerous phone calls to the defendant to remind him of his substance abuse classes and to discuss his noncompliance. The defendant never answered or returned the calls. He also missed his second substance abuse treatment session on August 19, 2013, and was unsuccessfully discharged from the class.

On August 20, 2013, the defendant reported for a random drug test. When confronted about his prior positive drug test, he admitted using cocaine. He further promised the drug test submitted that day would be negative. To the contrary, the test results were positive for cocaine. When confronted regarding where he was living, the defendant admitted he was not residing with his cousin, but instead had been living with his girlfriend. The Probation Officer directed the defendant that he must live where he will be most successful on supervision. The defendant stated that he wished to reside at his sister's residence, but stated did not have the address at that time. He was thus directed to text the address to his officer by 10:00 p.m. that evening. Consistent with his actions to this point, he failed to do so, but did provide the address several days later. On September 5, 2013, the defendant reported for a scheduled office visit, and when confronted, adamantly denied having used narcotics since July, and attributed the positive results on the August 20th sample to having touched some cocaine.

Finally, and somewhat predictably given the above, on September 11, 2013, the defendant was arrested by Austin Police Department officers after a traffic stop, and charged with possession of a controlled substance, based on the discovery of a bottle with 28 hydrocodone pills, a glass Pyrex dish with cocaine residue, a digital scale, and.03 grams of crack cocaine. The defendant was a passenger in the vehicle, and the driver is a person with a felony conviction. The defendant was released on a bond on September 12, 2013. The Probation Officer did not have contact with the defendant until September 19, 2013, when he called his officer, but failed to disclose that he had been arrested. The defendant was scheduled to report to the Probation Office on September 19, 2013, but an hour before his visit he called and asked to reschedule. He stated he was working in Manor, Texas and could not get off.

Based on all of the above, on September 19, 2013, the Probation Office submitted its petition alleging that the Defendant had violated his conditions of supervision. The undersigned authorized the issuance of a warrant that same day. The Defendant was arrested on that warrant on October 2, 2013.

On October 8, 2013, the Defendant and his attorney appeared before the undersigned Magistrate Judge for a hearing on the Petition. On the same date, the Defendant and his attorney signed a Consent to Allocution Before United States Magistrate Judge. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 636(a) and 18 U.S.C. § 3401(i), this Court held a Supervised Release Revocation Hearing, at which time the Defendant pleaded "True" to the allegations of petition, with the exception that he declined to make a plea of true to the violation stemming from the pending state criminal charges, and the Government withdrew that alleged violation.


1. The Defendant was competent to stand trial on the charges against him, and had both a factual as well as a rational understanding of the proceedings against him.

2. The Defendant does not suffer from any physical or mental impairment that would affect his ability to fully understand the charge ...

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