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United States v. Delgado

United States District Court, Fifth Circuit

December 10, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
ANGELITA ALVAREZ DELGADO

FINDINGS OF FACT AND RECOMMENDATION ON GUILTY PLEA BEFORE THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

ZACK HAWTHORN, Magistrate Judge.

By order of the District Court, this matter is referred to the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge for administration of the guilty plea under Rule 11. Magistrate judges have the statutory authority to conduct a felony guilty plea proceeding as an "additional duty" pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(3). United States v. Bolivar-Munoz , 313 F.3d 253, 255 (5th Cir. 2002).

On December 6, 2013 this case came before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge for entry of a guilty plea by the Defendant, Angelita Alvarez Delgado, to Count One of the First Superseding Indictment. Count One alleges that on or about June 21, 2013, in the Eastern District of Texas and elsewhere, Angelita Alvarez and her co-defendant did, in violation of a statute, rule and order issued under a statute, knowingly attempt to provide to an inmate of a federal prison a prohibited object, namely a mixture or substance containing methamphetamine and "actual" methamphetamine, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(1).

The Defendant entered a plea of guilty to Count One of the First Superseding Indictment into the record at the hearing. After conducting the proceeding in the form and manner prescribed by Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11, the undersigned finds:

a. That the Defendant, after consultation with her attorney, has knowingly, freely and voluntarily consented to the administration of the guilty plea in this case by a United States Magistrate Judge in the Eastern District of Texas subject to a final approval and imposition of sentence by the District Court.

b. That the Defendant and the Government have entered into a plea agreement which was disclosed and addressed in open court, entered into the record, and placed under seal. The Defendant verified that she understood the terms of the plea agreement, agreed to the Government's summary of the plea agreement, and acknowledged that it was her signature on the plea agreement. To the extent the plea agreement contains recommendations and requests pursuant to FED. R. CRIM. P. 11 (c)(1)(B), the court advised the Defendant that she has no right to withdraw the plea if the Court does not follow the particular recommendations or requests. To the extent that any or all of the terms of the plea agreement are pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(A) or (C), the undersigned advised the Defendant that she will have the opportunity to withdraw her plea of guilty should the Court not follow those particular terms of the plea agreement.[1]

c. That the Defendant is fully competent and capable of entering an informed plea, that the Defendant is aware of the nature of the charges and the consequences of the plea, and that the plea of guilty is made freely, knowingly, and voluntarily. Upon addressing the Defendant personally in open court, the undersigned determines that the Defendant's plea is knowing and voluntary and did not result from force, threats or promises (other than the promises set forth in the plea agreement). See FED. R. CRIM. P. 11(b)(2).

d. That the Defendant's knowing and voluntary plea is supported by an independent factual basis establishing each of the essential elements of the offense and the Defendant realizes that her conduct falls within the definition of the crimes charged under 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(1).

STATEMENT OF REASONS

As factual support for the Defendant's guilty plea, the Government presented a factual basis. See Factual Basis and Stipulation. In support, the Government would prove that Angelita Alvarez Delgado is one and the same person charged in the First Superseding Indictment and that the events described in the First Superseding Indictment occurred in the Eastern District of Texas and elsewhere. The Government would also have proven, beyond a reasonable doubt, each and every essential element of the offense as alleged in Count One of the First Superseding Indictment through the testimony of witnesses, including expert witnesses, and admissible exhibits. In support of the Defendant's plea, the undersigned incorporates the proffer of evidence described in detail in the factual basis and stipulation, filed in support of the plea agreement.

The Defendant, Angelita Alvarez Delgado, agreed with and stipulated to the evidence presented in the factual basis. Counsel for the Defendant and the Government attested to the Defendant's competency and capability to enter an informed plea of guilty. The Defendant agreed with the evidence presented by the Government and personally testified that she was entering her guilty plea knowingly, freely and voluntarily.

RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION

IT IS THEREFORE the recommendation of the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge that the District Court accept the Guilty Plea of the Defendant, which the undersigned determines to be supported by an independent factual basis establishing each of the essential elements of the offense charged in Count One of the First Superseding Indictment. It is also recommended that the District Court conditionally accept the plea agreement pending review of the presentence report. Accordingly, it is further recommended that Angelita Alvarez Delgado be finally adjudged guilty of the charged offenses under Title 18, United States Code, Section 1791(a)(1).

If the plea agreement is rejected and the Defendant still persists in the guilty plea, the disposition of the case may be less favorable to the Defendant than that contemplated by the plea agreement. The Defendant is ordered to report to the United States Probation Department for the preparation of a presentence report. The ...


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