Court of Appeals of Texas, Fifth District, Dallas
On Appeal from the County Court at Law No. 5 Collin County, Texas Trial Court Cause No. 005-00055-2013
Before Justices O'Neill, Lang-Miers, and Evans
ELIZABETH LANG-MIERS JUSTICE
Before the Court is TierOne Converged Networks, Inc.'s motion to review the county court's October 2, 2013 order increasing the supersedeas bond from $10, 800 to $40, 500. Tierone contends the county court abused its discretion because the evidence was legally and factually insufficient to support the increase. We sustain Tierone's issue and vacate the county court's order.
Tierone, an internet service provider, has a lease agreement with Lavon Water Supply Corporation (Lavon) to place antennas and other equipment on three of Lavon's water towers.Tierone pays rent in the amount of $900 a month. Lavon sued to evict Tierone and won. Tierone has appealed the judgment. It superseded the judgment by depositing one year's rent in the amount of $10, 800 as ordered by the county court on February 15, 2013.
On August 30, 2013, Lavon filed a motion in the county court to increase the supersedeas bond. As grounds for an increase, it asserted that another internet service provider offered to pay $3, 375 a month to lease space on the water towers. After conducting a hearing, the county court increased the supersedeas bond to $40, 500. Tierone sought relief in this Court and we granted a stay pending our review.
Rule 24.3(a)(2) of the rules of appellate procedure provides that, even after the trial court's plenary power expires, the trial court has continuing jurisdiction to modify the amount of security required to continue the suspension of a judgment's execution if circumstances change. Tex.R.App.P. 24.3(a)(2). On any party's motion, we may review the sufficiency or excessiveness of the amount of security and the trial court's exercise of discretion in setting the amount of security. See Tex. R. App. P. 24.4. We review a trial court's determination of the amount of security, to the extent it turns on a question of fact, for an abuse of discretion. See Imagine Automotive Group, Inc. v. Boardwalk Motor Cars, LLC, 356 S.W.3d 716, 718 (Tex. App.—Dallas 2011, no pet.). To the extent a trial court's ruling turns on a question of law, we review it de novo. Id.
In setting the supersedeas bond in an eviction suit, the county court must take into consideration the value of rents likely to accrue during appeal, damages that may occur as the result of the stay during appeal, and other damages or amounts as the court may deem appropriate. Tex. Prop. Code Ann. § 24.007(a) (West Supp. 2013). The proper measure of damages for rental property is the reasonable value of rents likely to accrue during the appeal. See Hart v. Keller Properties, 567 S.W.2d 888, 889 (Tex. Civ. App.—Dallas 1978, no writ).
At the hearing, Joe Birmingham testified that he is an owner of Wi-Five, a competitor wireless internet service provider. Birmingham testified that he had proposed that if Lavon had a water tower with no equipment on it, Wi-Five would put a minimum of 15 radios on the tower and pay monthly rent in the amount of $3, 375. He said he purchased $300, 000 in equipment in anticipation of signing a lease with those terms. He said Tierone stopped the contract from being signed. He has been in "waiting mode" for over one and one-half years. He testified that currently, Tierone is using one-hundred percent of the broadcast frequencies on the tower. He also said there is no physical room on the main tower for Wi-Five to mount any equipment.
Regarding the possibility that Wi-Five could share space with Tierone on Lavon's main water tower, Birmingham indicated it would be workable if one-hundred percent of the frequencies are not being used, he is given "chunks of band, " and multiple years are guaranteed. Birmingham indicated that he would put equipment on the tower and cooperate with Tierone under those circumstances if he had a five-year contract.
Nate Curling, a Wi-Five employee, testified that he went up on the tower to view Tierone's equipment. He testified that in order to make room for Wi-Five's equipment on the tower, Tierone would have to mount taller poles and consolidate its equipment onto the taller poles.
Ken Marshall, chief technical officer for Tierone, testified that Tierone and Wi-Five are currently co-located on five water towers. On some of those towers, there are additional internet providers as well. He said they have never had a problem working together on those towers. Coordinating frequencies gets worked out all the time through cooperation. Tierone has no objection to Wi-Five putting equipment on the tower. He testified that ...