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United States v. Sanchez

United States District Court, E.D. Texas, Lufkin Division

November 21, 2017

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
ESPERANZA SANCHEZ (3)

          FINDINGS OF FACT AND RECOMMENDATION ON GUILTY PLEA BEFORE THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          Zack Hawthorn, United States Magistrate Judge.

         By order of the District Court, this matter is referred to the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge for administration of the guilty plea under Rule 11. Magistrate judges have the statutory authority to conduct a felony guilty plea proceeding as an “additional duty” pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(3). United States v. Bolivar-Munoz, 313 F.3d 253, 255 (5th Cir. 2002).

         On November 21, 2017, this case came before the undersigned magistrate judge for entry of a guilty plea by the Defendant, Esperanza Sanchez, to Count One of the First Superseding Indictment. Count One alleges that between on or about November 18, 2016, and on or about December 27, 2016, in the Eastern District of Texas, and elsewhere, Esperenza Sanchez and her co-defendants did use any facility of interstate commerce and foreign commerce, to knowingly persuade, induce, entice, and coerce, and to knowingly attempt to persuade, induce, entice, and coerce, any individual who had not attained the age of 18 years to engage in any sexual activity for which any person could be charged with an offense, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) and 2 (Coercion and Enticement of Minors and Aiding and Abetting).

         Sanchez entered a plea of guilty to Count One of the First Superseding Indictment into the record at the hearing. After conducting the proceeding in the form and manner prescribed by Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11, the undersigned finds:

         a. That the Defendant, after consultation with her attorney, has knowingly, freely and voluntarily consented to the administration of the guilty plea in this case by a United States Magistrate Judge in the Eastern District of Texas, subject to a final approval and imposition of sentence by the District Court.

         b. That the Defendant is fully competent and capable of entering an informed plea, that the Defendant is aware of the nature of the charges and the consequences of the plea, and that the plea of guilty is made freely, knowingly, and voluntarily. Upon addressing the Defendant personally in open court, the undersigned determined that the Defendant's plea is knowing and voluntary and did not result from force, threats or promises. See Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(b)(2).

         c. That the Defendant's knowing and voluntary plea is supported by an independent factual basis establishing each of the essential elements of the offense and the Defendant realizes that her conduct falls within the definition of the crime charged under 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) and 2 (Coercion and Enticement of Minors and Aiding and Abetting).

         STATEMENT OF REASONS

         As factual support for the Defendant's guilty plea, the Government recited a factual basis. See Factual Basis and Stipulation. In support, the Government would prove that the Defendant is the same person charged in the Indictment and that the events described in the Indictment occurred in the Eastern District of Texas and elsewhere. The Government would also have proven, beyond a reasonable doubt, each and every essential element of the offense as alleged in Count One of the First Superseding Indictment through the testimony of witnesses, including expert witnesses, and admissible exhibits.

         Counsel for the Defendant and the Government attested to the Defendant's competency and capability to enter an informed plea of guilty. The Defendant personally testified that she was entering her guilty plea knowingly, freely and voluntarily.

         RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION

         IT IS THEREFORE the recommendation of the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge that the District Court accept the Guilty Plea of the Defendant, which the undersigned determines to be supported by an independent factual basis establishing each of the essential elements of the offense charged in Count One of the Indictment. Accordingly, it is further recommended that the District Court finally adjudge the Defendant, Esperanza Sanchez, guilty of the charged offense under 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) and 2 (Coercion and Enticement of Minors and Aiding and Abetting).

         The Defendant is ordered to report to the United States Probation Department for the preparation of a presentence report. The Defendant has the right to allocute ...


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