Court of Appeals of Texas, Second District, Fort Worth
THE 96TH DISTRICT COURT OF TARRANT COUNTY TRIAL COURT NO.
WALKER, MEIER, and BIRDWELL, JJ.
MEMORANDUM OPINION 
a forty-five-minute bench trial, at which only the
plaintiff-- Appellee Janet D. Mangrum--testified, the trial
court signed a permanent injunction and final judgment
enjoining Appellant Marta Carrejo Martinez from coming within
fifty feet of Mangrum or Mangrum's residence and from
making threats or engaging in any other conduct which could
reasonably be construed to constitute intimidation or threat
of bodily injury to Mangrum. At Martinez's request, the
trial court made findings of fact and conclusions of law.
Martinez perfected this appeal and, in three issues,
challenges the factual sufficiency of the evidence to support
two of the findings of fact and asserts that the permanent
injunction is fatally vague. We will affirm.
Factual and Procedural Background
case arises out of repeated, antagonistic behavior directed
at Mangrum by Martinez. After Mangrum filed suit against
Martinez, on March 22, 2013, the trial court entered a
temporary injunction that enjoined and restrained Martinez
and her family members, agents, servants, employees, and all
persons acting with or on behalf of her from, among other
things, coming within 300 feet of Mangrum's residence,
which included driving in front of Mangrum's residence
and engaging in threatening or intimidating behavior toward
this case had at various times other parties and other relief
requested, eventually the only issue that remained was
Mangrum's request for a permanent injunction against
Martinez. The request for a permanent injunction proceeded to
a forty-five-minute bench trial on February 13, 2017.
trial, only one exhibit, which consisted of five photographs,
was admitted into evidence. Mangrum--the sole
witness--provided the following uncontroverted testimony:
• In 2013, Martinez came onto her property and screamed
and cursed at her and uprooted flowers that Mangrum had
• In 2013 and 2015, Martinez came onto her property to
spit in front of Mangrum and her mother and began calling
them names and screaming and cursing at them.
• Martinez "firebombed" Mangrum's house
twice, once causing $10, 000 in damage.
• Martinez came onto her property and spat what
"looks like blood" onto her driveway.
• Martinez came onto her property at night, screamed and
cursed at Mangrum, and shined flashlights into her bedroom,