Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

In re Z.M.M.

Court of Appeals of Texas, Fourth District, San Antonio

June 27, 2018


          From the 45th Judicial District Court, Bexar County, Texas Trial Court No. 2017PA00639 Honorable Richard Garcia, Judge Presiding.

          Sitting: Sandee Bryan Marion, Chief Justice, Rebeca C. Martinez, Justice Patricia O. Alvarez, Justice.


          Rebeca C. Martinez, Justice.

         This is an accelerated appeal from an order terminating appellant's parental rights to his child, Z.M.M. The appellant-father challenges the sufficiency of the evidence in support of the trial court's predicate statutory findings as well as its finding that termination of his parental rights was in Z.M.M.'s best interest. See Tex. Fam. Code Ann. §§ 161.001(b)(1), (2) (West Supp. 2017). We affirm the trial court's termination order.


         On March 28, 2017, the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services ("the Department") filed a petition to terminate appellant's parental rights. A bench trial was conducted on February 12, 2018. At the time of trial, Z.M.M. was two years old. Department caseworker Eletheia Hill testified the Department received a referral alleging drug use by Z.M.M.'s mother in the home where Z.M.M. was residing. Mother admitted to using methamphetamines and marijuana at the time of inquiry. According to Hill, appellant claimed to know that Z.M.M.'s mother was "using something," but made no efforts to remove Z.M.M. from the situation.

         As part of his family service plan, appellant was required to participate in a parenting class; obtain and submit proof of housing; remain drug and alcohol free; and complete a drug and alcohol assessment, as well as any recommended treatments the assessment recommended. Hill testified that appellant completed his parenting class and his assessment, but did not complete the recommended outpatient therapy. Hill also testified that appellant told her he recently obtained housing, but that because appellant would not give her his address, she had been unable to confirm where he was living. When Hill asked why appellant was not completing the conditions of his service plan, appellant claimed he did not want to take time off work and that he did not have transportation. According to Hill, the Department offered appellant transportation and extra time to complete his service plan.

         The caseworker believed it was in Z.M.M.'s best interest for appellant's parental rights to be terminated so that Z.M.M. would have the opportunity to move forward with his foster parents through formal adoption. The foster parents and Z.M.M. are bonded; they provide Z.M.M. with a safe and stable home; they have demonstrated that they are able to take care of Z.M.M.; and Z.M.M. has lived with them since April 2017, which is longer than the total amount of time appellant ever lived with Z.M.M. Hill also characterized appellant's visits with Z.M.M. as "off and on," with only two visits in the last five months.

         Appellant also testified at the hearing. Appellant admitted to knowing Z.M.M.'s mother was using drugs, but did not get involved because Z.M.M.'s mother and her current boyfriend made it difficult for him to see Z.M.M. Appellant also admitted to using marijuana within six months of trial. Appellant testified that for a period of time he did not have a stable job or a place to stay, but that he was currently working in a restaurant and was living with a friend. Appellant wants to be reunited with Z.M.M., but admitted he did not have a stable home and would not be able to presently provide Z.M.M. with one.

         Standard of Review

         A parent-child relationship may be terminated only if the trial court finds by clear and convincing evidence one of the predicate grounds enumerated in section 161.001(b)(1) and that termination is in the child's best interests. Id. § 161.001(b)(1), (2). Clear and convincing evidence requires "proof that will produce in the mind of the trier of fact a firm belief or conviction as to the truth of the allegations sought to be established." Id. § 101.007 (West Supp. 2017). We review the legal and factual sufficiency of the evidence under the standards of review established by the Texas Supreme Court in In re J.F.C., 96 S.W.3d 256, 266-67 (Tex. 2002).

         Predicate Findings

         In his first issue, appellant challenges the sufficiency of the evidence supporting the trial court's predicate findings under section 161.001(b)(1)(D), (N), and (O). See id. § 161.001(b)(1)(D), (N), (O). The trial court concluded there was clear and convincing evidence that appellant: (1) had knowingly placed or knowingly allowed the child to remain in conditions or surroundings which endanger the physical or emotional well-being of the child; (2) constructively abandoned the child; and (3) failed to comply with the provisions of a court order specifically establishing the actions necessary for appellant to obtain the return of child. Id.

         Subsection (O) allows termination of the parent-child relationship when a parent has failed to satisfy any of the conditions set out in the family service plan. Id. § 161.001(b)(1)(O). Texas courts generally take a strict approach to subsection (O)'s application. In re D.N., 405 S.W.3d 863, 877 (Tex. App.-Amarillo 2013, no pet.). In construing subsection (O), courts only look for a parent's failure to comply and do not measure a parent's "degree of compliance" or "quantity of failure." Id. In this case, appellant's service plan required him to: (1) obtain and submit proof of stable housing; (2) participate in a parenting class; and (3) complete a drug and alcohol assessment, "follow all recommendations of the assessment including but not limited to inpatient drug treatment," and remain drug and alcohol free. The evidence shows appellant completed a parenting class and a drug and alcohol assessment; however, appellant did not "follow all recommendations of the assessment" because he failed to complete the recommended outpatient therapy. Appellant also failed to remain drug free, admitting that he had used marijuana during the pendency of the case. Lastly, appellant testified to recently moving in with a friend, but he failed to provide the caseworker with an address or any other proof of stable housing. Although appellant completed some of the requirements on his service plan, the evidence conclusively shows he did not comply with all of the requirements of his service plan. See In re M.C.G., 329 S.W.3d 674, 676 (Tex. App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2010, pet. denied) (determining a parent's failure to complete just one requirement of the service plan supports termination); In re T.T., 228 S.W.3d 312, 319 (Tex. App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2007, pet. denied) (affirming that substantial or partial compliance with a service plan is insufficient to avoid termination). Accordingly, ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.