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Flowers v. Farm

United States District Court, N.D. Texas, Dallas Division

May 29, 2019

TAYLOR FARM, ET AL., Defendants.



         Plaintiff Damion Flowers filed a pro se civil action alleging employment discrimination, which the Court referred to the United States magistrate judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b). The Court granted Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis and withheld issuing process pending judicial screening. Having screened the complaint, the magistrate judge recommends that Plaintiff's complaint be DISMISSED.


         On March 19, 2019, Plaintiff filed an original complaint alleging “Sexual harassment and Sexual Discrimination, Discrimination.” He further stated he was unemployed and could not work because of “2 surgeries, (1) ran into by an 18-wheeler Borden (2) another car accident.” Pl.'s Compl. 1 (ECF No. 3.). He also attached a Notice of Right to Sue issued by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission on December 21, 2018. Id. 3. On March 25, 2019, the Court sent Plaintiff a notice of deficiency notifying him that his complaint failed to comply with Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a).[1] The Court also sent Plaintiff a form employment discrimination complaint.

         On April 26, 2019, Plaintiff filed an amended complaint using the Court's employment discrimination complaint form. In his amended complaint, Plaintiff alleges he was discriminated against on the basis of his religion and gender/sex in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e, et seq., when he was terminated from his job at Taylor Farm, received unequal terms and conditions of his employment, and was “attacked and assaulted at work.” Pl.'s Am. Compl. 4 (ECF No. 10). The complaint does not state what relief Plaintiff is seeking.


         A district court may summarily dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis if it concludes the action is: (1) frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). To state a claim upon which relief may be granted, a plaintiff must plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face, ” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007), and must plead those facts with enough specificity “to raise a right to relief above the speculative level[.]” Id. at 555. “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009). While a complaint need not contain detailed factual allegations, the plaintiff must allege more than labels and conclusions. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555.


         To establish a claim of employment discrimination, Plaintiff must plead and prove that he (1) is a member of a protected class; (2) was qualified for the position; (3) was subject to an adverse employment action; and (4) was replaced by someone outside the protected class, or, in the case of disparate treatment, shows that other similarly situated employees were treated more favorably. Bryan v. McKinsey & Co., 375 F.3d 358, 360 (5th Cir.2004). While Plaintiff is not required to submit evidence to establish all the elements of his claim to survive summary dismissal at this stage of the litigation, he must plead enough facts on all the ultimate elements of his claim to make his case plausible. Chhim v. Univ. of Tex. at Austin, 836 F.3d 467, 470 (5th Cir. 2016) (per curiam) (citing Raj v. La. State Univ., 714 F.3d 322, 331 (5th Cir. 2013)).

         In this case, Plaintiff fails allege that he is a member of a protected group, that he was qualified for the position he held prior to his termination, that he was replaced by someone outside the protected class, or that other similarly situated employees outside his protected group were treated more favorably. He also fails to plead any facts regarding discrimination based on his gender/sex or religion. The section of the form complaint where Plaintiff was supposed to include the facts of his case is completely blank. Pl.'s Am. Compl. 4-5. Plaintiff has thus failed to state a plausible claim for employment discrimination, and his complaint should be dismissed.


         Plaintiffs complaint should be summarily dismissed with prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Ordinarily, a pro se plaintiff should be granted the opportunity to amend his complaint prior to a dismissal. But leave to amend is not required when the plaintiff has already pled his “best case.” Brewster v. Dretke, 587 F.3d 764, 767-68 (5th Cir. 2009). The Court previously notified Plaintiff that his original complaint was deficient and allowed him an opportunity to file an amended complaint. His amended complaint failed to cure the deficiencies Plaintiff has therefore pleaded his “best case, ” and the complaint should be dismissed with prejudice.


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