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Adger v. Davis

United States District Court, N.D. Texas, Dallas Division

July 26, 2019

PATRICK ADGER, ID # 2048709, Petitioner,
v.
LORIE DAVIS, Director, Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, Respondent.

          FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATION

          IRMA CARRILLO RAMIREZ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE. [1]

         Before the Court is the petitioner's Motion for Extension of Time In Pursant [sic], 2254(A) Hebaus [sic] Corpus Writ, received July 25, 2019. (See doc. 3.) Based on the relevant findings and applicable law, this action should be DISMISSED for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

         I. BACKGROUND

         “A jury convicted [Petitioner] of murder. During the punishment phase, [Petitioner] pleaded true to having two prior felony convictions. After finding the enhancement paragraphs true, the jury assessed punishment at life imprisonment.” Adger v. State, No. 05-16-00099-CR, 2016 WL 7163970, at *1 (Tex. App. - Dallas November 30, 2016, pet. ref'd.) On November 30, 2016, the Fifth District Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment. (See id.) On May 17, 2017, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals (TCCA) refused Petitioner's petition for discretionary review (PDR). (See http://search.txcourts.gov/Case.aspx?cn=05-16-00099-CR&coa=coa05.) Petitioner filed a writ of certiorari on August 3, 2017, which the Supreme Court denied on October 18, 2017. (See id.) He filed an application for state writ of habeas corpus on January 18, 2019, which the TCCA denied on May 8, 2019. (See http://search.txcourts.gov/Case.aspx?cn=WR-89, 437-01&coa=coscca.)

         Petitioner now seeks a thirty-day extension of the one-year statute of limitations under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1) to file his federal habeas petition because his unit is on lock down status. (See doc. 3.)

         II. JURISDICTION

         Congress enacted the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA), Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1217, on April 24, 1996. It applies to all federal petitions for habeas corpus filed after its effective date. Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 326 (1997). One of the ways that Title I of AEDPA substantially changed the way federal courts handle habeas corpus actions was by imposing of a one-year statute of limitations for filing a federal petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). AEDPA's one-year statutory deadline is not a jurisdictional bar and can, in appropriate exceptional circumstances, be equitably tolled. Holland v. Florida, 130 S.Ct. 2549 (2010) (deciding that the timeliness provision in the AEDPA is subject to equitable tolling). A habeas petitioner is entitled to equitable tolling only if he shows that: 1) he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and 2) some extraordinary circumstance prevented a timely filing. Holland, slip op. at 12, citing Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005). “Equitable tolling applies principally where [one party] is actively misled by the [other party] about the cause of action or is prevented in some extraordinary way from asserting his rights.” See Coleman v. Johnson, 184 F.3d 398, 402 (5th Cir. 1999) (quoting Rashidi v. American President Lines, 96 F.3d 124, 128 (5th Cir. 1996)).

         Section 2254 does not authorize federal courts to prospectively extend, stop or toll the one-year statute of limitations. See § 2244(d)(1). Federal courts lack jurisdiction to consider the timeliness of a habeas petition until it is actually filed. See United States v. McFarland, 125 Fed. App'x 573, *1 (5th Cir. Apr. 6, 2005) (“Before the [§ 2255] petition itself is actually filed, ‘there is no case or controversy to be heard, and any opinion we were to render on the timeliness would be merely advisory.'”); see also Gray v. Quarterman, No. 3:08-CV-2068-D, 2008 WL 5385010 (N.D. Tex. Dec. 23, 2008) (federal courts do not “sit to decide hypothetical issues or to give advisory opinions about issues as to which there are not adverse parties before [them]”), quoting Princeton University v. Schmid, 455 U.S. 100, 102 (1982) (other citations omitted). A party seeking to invoke federal subject matter jurisdiction must present a justiciable case or controversy. Gray, 2008 WL 5385010 at *1, citing Juidice v. Vail, 430 U.S. 327, 331 (1977) (other citations omitted).

         Here, a ruling on the petitioner's motion will require an advance determination of whether his petition will be time-barred and whether equitable tolling is applicable. As noted, § 2254 does not authorize a prospective extension of the statute of limitations. There is no adverse party before the Court at this time, and no concrete dispute to be decided. Accordingly, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to grant any relief.

         III. RECOMMENDATION

         This action should be DISMISSED for lack of jurisdiction, unless the petitioner either files a motion to proceed in forma pauperis or pays the $5 filing fee and submits a habeas petition on the appropriate form within the fourteen-day period for objecting to this recommendation, or some other deadline set by the Court.

         INSTRUCTIONS FOR SERVICE AND NOTICE OF RIGHT TO APPEAL/OBJECT

         A copy of these findings, conclusions and recommendation shall be served on all parties in the manner provided by law. Any party who objects to any part of these findings, conclusions and recommendation must file specific written objections within 14 days after being served with a copy. See 28 U.S.C. ยง 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72 b). In order to be specific, an objection must identify the specific finding or recommendation to which objection is made, state the basis for the objection, and specify the place in the magistrate judge's findings, conclusions and recommendation where the disputed determination is found. An objection that merely incorporates by reference or refers to the briefing before the magistrate judge is not specific. Failure to file specific written objections will bar the aggrieved party from appealing the factual ...


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