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AmGuard Insurance Co. v. Lone Star Legal Aid

United States District Court, S.D. Texas, Houston Division

August 27, 2019

AmGuard Insurance Company, Plaintiff,
Lone Star Legal Aid, et al., Defendants.



         Pending before the court is plaintiff AmGuard Insurance Company's (“AmGuard”) motion to dismiss defendant BancorpSouth Bank's (“Bancorp”) counterclaims. Dkt. 30. Bancorp responded. Dkt. 38. Having considered the motion, response, and applicable law, the court is of the opinion that AmGuard's motion (Dkt. 30) should be GRANTED.

         I. Background

         In 2014, Bancorp extended defendant Lone Star Legal Aid (“Lone Star”) a $1.2 million line of credit secured by a Real Estate Deed of Trust (“Deed of Trust”) granting Bancorp an interest in Lone Star's principal office building (“Building”) located at 1415 Fannin Street in Houston, Texas. Dkt. 38 at 2-3.

         The Deed of Trust requires Lone Star to maintain property insurance on the Building that both named Bancorp as a loss payee and included a standard mortgage clause. Dkt. 38-1 at 7. Lone Star, through its insurance broker and co-defendant BXS Insurance, Inc. (“BXSI”), obtained an insurance policy from AmGuard covering the Building and other Lone Star properties for the period between June 10, 2017 and June 10, 2018 (“Policy”). Dkt. 26 at 6. The Policy included a standard mortgage clause and named Bancorp as both loss payee and mortgage holder. Id.; Dkt. 38 at 10. The mortgage clause provides that if AmGuard denies a claim “because of [Lone Star's] acts or because [Lone Star] failed to comply with the terms of the policy, [Bancorp] will still have the right to receive loss payment, ” subject to certain conditions precedent. Dkt. 26-1 at 7.

         On or about August 28, 2017, the Building suffered fire and water damage that Bancorp alleges rendered the building uninhabitable. Dkt. 26 at 6-7. Lone Star filed a loss claim with AmGuard for coverage under the Policy. Dkt. 38 at 8. AmGuard denied Lone Star's claim because the Building did not have an automatic sprinkler system, which the Policy required, and therefore Lone Star did not comply with the terms of the Policy. Id. at 7.

         Lone Star owed Bancorp approximately $1.1 million at the time of the fire. Dkt. 38 at 11. On July 5, 2018, Bancorp and Lone Star extended their credit agreement at which point the outstanding debt equaled $0. Dkt. 38-1 at 26.

         AmGuard filed this suit against Lone Star, Bancorp, and BXSI seeking a declaration of the rights and obligations of the parties under the Policy. Dkt. 1. Bancorp and BXSI answered and filed counterclaims against AmGuard seeking declaratory relief, and claiming breach of contract, breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing, and violations of the Texas Insurance Code. Dkt. 26. AmGuard now moves to dismiss Bancorp's counterclaims, arguing that Bancorp has no standing to bring its counterclaims.[1] Dkt. 30.

         II. Legal Standard

         Under Rule 12(b)(1), a party can seek dismissal of an action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1). “In determining whether the court has subject matter jurisdiction, [it] must accept as true the allegations set forth in the complaint.” Crane v. Johnson, 783 F.3d 244, 251 (5th Cir. 2015) “[A] trial court has the power to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction on any one of three separate bases: (1) the complaint alone; (2) the complaint supplemented by undisputed facts evidenced in the record; or (3) the complaint supplemented by undisputed facts plus the court's resolution of disputed facts.” Id.

         Constitutional standing is a question of subject matter jurisdiction. Norris v. Causey, 869 F.3d 360, 366 (5th Cir. 2017). “To establish Article III standing, a plaintiff must show[:] (1) an injury in fact; (2) a sufficient causal connection between the injury and the conduct complained of; and (3) a likelihood that the injury will be redressed by a favorable decision.” Crane, 783 F.3d at 251.

         III. Analysis

         Bancorp contends that AmGuard's denial of Lone Star's claim for coverage breached contractual, common law, and statutory duties owed to Bancorp. Dkt. 26. AmGuard seeks dismissal of Bancorp's counterclaims for lack of standing because Bancorp has no injury of which to compain. Dkt. 30 at 4-5. AmGuard asserts Bancorp has no injury because the Policy only covers Bancorp's “financial interest” in the Building and Bancorp's relevant financial interest was extinguished when Bancorp and Lone Star renewed their credit agreement on July 5, 2018 and acknowledged no outstanding debt. Dkt. 30. In response, Bancorp argues that it suffered injury to its secured interest in the Building. Dkt. 26.

         “The purpose of the loss-payable clause in an insurance policy is to protect the security interest of the mortgagee who has advanced money to others. . . .” Smith v. Tex. Farmers Ins. Co., 82 S.W.3d 580, 584 (Tex. App.-San Antonio 2002, pet. denied) (citing Helmer v. Tex. Farmers Ins. Co., 632 S.W.2d 194, 196 (Tex. App.-Fort Worth 1982, no writ)). “The policy, in case of loss or damage to the property, will pay to the extent of the mortgagee's interest in the property whatever that amount is so that the mortgagee, who has advanced money on the property, will be protected.” Helmer, 632 S.W.2d at 196. When no indebtedness between an insured and its mortgagee exists, no indebtedness or liability runs to the mortgagee from the insurance company. Id.; Campagna v. Underwriters at Lloyd's London, 549 S.W.2d ...

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