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Roor International BV v. Stinky's Smoke Shop, LLC

United States District Court, E.D. Texas, Sherman Division

November 13, 2019




         Pending before the Court is Plaintiffs' Motion for Enlargement of Time to Deem Timely Plaintiffs' Responses to Request for Admissions and Relief from Technical Admissions (the “Motion”) (Dkt. 38), to which Defendants filed a response (Dkt. 46), and Plaintiff filed a reply (Dkt. 51). The Court held a hearing on the Motion on October 31, 2019 (the “Hearing”). See Dkt. 62.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Defendants served their First Request for Admissions, containing one hundred and one (101) requests for admissions (the “Requests”), on April 23, 2019. See Dkt. 38 at 1. May 23, 2019, the deadline for Plaintiffs' responses to the Requests, passed without any action from Plaintiffs. On May 27, 2019, Plaintiffs' counsel requested, from opposing counsel, an extension to respond until June 5, 2019 See Dkt. 38 at 1. Plaintiffs argue they instructed their paralegal to calendar the June 5, 2019, deadline but the paralegal failed to do so. See id. Plaintiffs also assert they had a different case placed on an expedited trial schedule, creating an unexpected increase in work. See id. Hence, Plaintiffs argue that, due to their calendar error and the additional workload, Plaintiffs' counsel inadvertently missed the deadline to serve their responses to the Requests. See Id. at 2. Plaintiffs actually served their responses to the Requests (the “Responses”) on July 1, 2019. See id. At no time did Defendants contact Plaintiffs regarding the tardiness of the Responses prior to Plaintiffs' late service of the Responses. See id.

         Defendants filed an Amended Counterclaim (Dkt. 33) on July 31, 2019, which seeks, in part, to invalidate Plaintiffs' trademarks at issue in this case based on Plaintiffs' untimely Responses (i.e., admissions). See Dkt. 33. Plaintiffs argue not allowing for the Responses is an extreme measure, resulting in unfair prejudice to Plaintiffs, and filed the present Motion to deem the Responses timely served. See Dkt. 38.

         Defendants contend they never agreed to extend the original deadline, May 23, 2019. See Dkt. 46 at 2. Defendants also argue Plaintiffs have not shown good cause for the tardiness of their Responses and thus failed to show excusable neglect. See id. Defendants argue, both in their briefing and at the Hearing, they had no duty to notify Plaintiffs regarding the tardiness of Plaintiffs' Responses and have been prejudiced in the delay of time as it has impacted what they can rely upon in litigating this case. See id. at 6.


         The Court may extend filing periods under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 6(b) for good cause. If the motion for extension of time is made after the expiration of a deadline, the party must show that it failed to act because of excusable neglect. Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(b)(1)(B). “Although inadvertence, ignorance of the rules, or mistakes construing the rules do not usually constitute ‘excusable' neglect, it is clear that ‘excusable neglect' under Rule 6(b) is a somewhat ‘elastic concept' and is not limited strictly to omissions caused by circumstances beyond the control of the movant.” Pioneer Inv. Servs. Co. v. Brunswick Assocs. Ltd. P'ship, 507 U.S. 380, 392 (1993) (footnotes omitted). “Relevant factors to the excusable neglect inquiry include: the danger of prejudice to the [non-movant], the length of the delay and its potential impact on the judicial proceedings, the reason for the delay, including whether it was within the reasonable control of the movant, and whether the movant acted in good faith.” Adams v. Travelers Indem. Co. of Conn., 465 F.3d 156, 161 n.8 (5th Cir. 2006) (alteration in original) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). “Even if good cause and excusable neglect are shown, it nonetheless remains a question of the court's discretion whether to grant any motion to extend time under Rule 6(b).” McCarty v. Thaler, 376 F. App'x. 442, 444 (5th Cir. 2010) (citing Lujan v. Nat'l Wildlife Fed'n, 497 U.S. 871, 894-98 (1990)).

         III. ANALYSIS

         After hearing argument from the parties at the Hearing, the Court stated its intention to grant Plaintiffs' Motion. The Court, however, provides analysis regarding its decision to grant the Motion.

         A. Danger of Prejudice to Defendants

         The Court recognizes the potential for prejudice to Defendants given the costs incurred in reliance on the lack of timely Responses to the Requests. Defendants have, in addition to responding to the present Motion, prepared and filed amended counterclaims based on the lack of timely responses, thus resulting in admissions. Additionally, the Court notes that if no adjustment to the scheduling order in this case were allowed, deadlines have expired which would undoubtably prejudice Defendants. The Court, however, recognizes that Plaintiffs did notify Defendants of their intention to respond only slightly after the deadline had passed. Thus, Defendants could reasonably believe that Plaintiffs intended to file responses to the Requests and file a motion requesting leave to deem the responses timely filed from a date well before the present Motion was filed. Additionally, as stated at the Hearing, the Court will allow the parties to amend the scheduling order to permit Defendants additional time to file amended pleadings and, given the parties consent to proceed before the undersigned, file dispositive motions accounting for the Responses. Thus, the Court finds that while Defendants will experience some amount of prejudice, due to the Court's commitment to adjust scheduling deadlines, the prejudice Defendants will experience is relatively minimal and will not fundamentally impact a decision on the merits of the case.

         B. The Length of the Delay and its Potential Impact on the Judicial Proceedings

         The delay in filing the Responses was approximately a month-and-a-half; however, as previously stated, the Court's commitment to adjust scheduling deadlines will allow the Court to ensure the delay will have a very limited impact on the judicial proceedings. The impact, at this point, is largely ...

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