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DeMarsh v. State

United States District Court, E.D. Texas, Sherman Division

December 12, 2019

GERALD DEMARSH, SR.
v.
STATE OF TEXAS, ET AL.

          NOWAK JUDGE

          MEMORANDUM ADOPTING IN PART REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          AMOS L. MAZZANT UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Came on for consideration the report of the United States Magistrate Judge in this action, this matter having been heretofore referred to the Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636. On July 31, 2019, the report of the Magistrate Judge (Dkt. #9) was entered containing proposed findings of fact and recommendations that Plaintiff Gerald DeMarsh, Sr.'s claims against Defendants State of Texas, Denton County, Texas, and Judge Crouch (Dkt. #1) be dismissed. Having received the report of the United States Magistrate Judge, having considered Plaintiff's formal and construed Objections (Dkts. #11; #12), and having conducted a de novo review, the Court is of the opinion that the Magistrate Judge's report should be adopted in part.

         RELEVANT BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff filed the instant suit on February 25, 2019, alleging violations of Plaintiff's “United States citizenship and constitutional rights” (Dkt. #1 at p. 4). After granting Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis (Dkt. #8), the Magistrate Judge recommended dismissal of Plaintiff's claims, finding the Court lacked subject matter jurisdiction (Dkt. #9). Recognizing that Plaintiff's filing of the instant lawsuit represented the “sixteenth lawsuit brought by Plaintiff in the Eastern District of Texas since 2002, ” and that every one of Plaintiff's prior suits have been dismissed for either a lack of subject matter jurisdiction or failure to state a claim, the Magistrate Judge further recommended Plaintiff's claims be found to be frivolous and malicious, and thus subject to dismissal with prejudice, and that he be enjoined from future filings in the Eastern District of Texas, except as follows:

Plaintiff be prohibited from filing any new civil action in the Eastern District of Texas unless he first files a motion requesting leave of court to so do and attaches thereto copies (1) Plaintiff's proposed complaint, (2) the magistrate judge's findings, conclusions and recommendation in this case, and (3) any final order of the district judge and final judgment in this case. The Court also recommends that the Clerk of the Court be directed to reject any filings that Plaintiff submits in violation of the Court's instructions.

(Dkt. #9 at p. 7). Plaintiff filed Objections to the Magistrate Judge's Report on August 14, 2019, and additional “Correspondence” on August 29, 2019, which the Court construes as a supplement to his Objections (Dkts. #11; #12). Plaintiff asserts that “Magistrate Nowak is acting like a defense lawyer rather than a judge” (Dkt. #11), and details for the Court the facts underlying or related to Plaintiff's son's criminal conviction (Dkt. #12).[1]

         OBJECTION TO REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

         A party who files timely written objections to a magistrate judge's report and recommendation is entitled to a de novo review of those findings or recommendations to which the party specifically objects 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2)-(3).

         The entirety of Plaintiff's formal Objection reads as follows:

Magistrate Nowak is acting like a defense lawyer rather than a judge[.] [A]ll I am asking the [C]ourt to do is to treat me like I am an [A]merican citizen and respect the [A]merican Constitution and Bill of Rights[.] [T]he Constitution states I can represent myself in any court in America if I chose to[.] I have served in the [A]merican [A]rmy honorably [and] I expect to be treated honorably.

(Dkt. #11). To the extent Plaintiff again seeks the recusal of the Magistrate Judge through his Objections, Plaintiff has not demonstrated that the Magistrate Judge's recusal and/or disqualification is appropriate. The findings and conclusions contained in the Magistrate Judge's Report to which Plaintiff objects, without more, are not a sufficient basis to justify recusal. “[J]udicial rulings alone almost never constitute a valid basis for a bias or partiality motion.” Liteky v. United States, 510 U.S. 540, 555 (1994) (citing United States v. Grinnell, 384 U.S. 563, 583 (1966)). Additionally, Plaintiff's Objections do not address the bases upon which the Magistrate Judge has recommended dismissal. Plaintiff's Objections are overruled.

         Accordingly, the finding of the Magistrate Judge that this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over Plaintiff's cause is adopted. Because the Court lacks jurisdiction, the alternative basis recommended by the Magistrate Judge for dismissal for frivolousness is rejected. Plaintiff is warned that if he persists in filing frivolous or baseless actions or actions over which the Court ...


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